These are laws that do not directly affect the United States, other than those considering exporting wildlife parts to affected countries. Please see the U.S. Federal Laws page for more laws that may affect your country, such as CITES. To report broken links or additional information/laws not covered here, or if you feel there is a specific part of a law that ought to be highlighted in the Notes/Links section that is not already mentioned there, email me at lupa.greenwolf(at)gmail.com. Please include, if possible, links to any relevant laws or regulations, as opposed to anecdotal evidence. I am trying to primarily keep my information to official state and/or legal sources, with a minimum amount of news articles and other secondhand information. I am not a lawyer and this is not legal advice; when in doubt contact your state fish and game department.

Click here to return to the main Animal Parts Laws Page.

Australia

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Australian Federal Regulations Various Australia Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999; EPBC section on wildlife remains; species affected by the EPBC; Biosecurity Import Conditions System;

The EPBC concerns protection of wildlife species, to include trade in their remains. BICON regulates the importation of animal remains into Australia

Australian Capital Territory Regulations Various Australian Capital Territory, Australia Nature Conservation Act 2014, Animal License Holder Responsibilities

The Nature Conservation Act 2014 includes regulations on possessing and taking native species; an Animal License is required to possess, import or export the remains of protected and non-exempt native species.

New South Wales Regulations Various New South Wales, Australia National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974; Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995; taxidermy license information; license to transfer wildlife parts across state lines

Part 7 of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 covers the buying, selling and export of live and dead wildlife; the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 identifies threatened species and associated permits. The taxidermy license page includes important information including prohibitions on selling taxidermy mounts, picking up roadkill, and licenses needed to possess the unprocessed parts of native wildlife

Northern Territory Various Northern Territory, Australia Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act ; information on permits for possession and trade of protected species’ remains

The Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act outlines what species are threatened and how to manage them, to include whether they may be taken out of the territory or not; a permit is needed for possessing and trading the remains of protected species

Queensland Regulations Various Queensland, Australia Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995; Nature Conservation Act 1992; Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006; information on permits to include possessing the remains of protected species

The Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 identifies threatened species and associated permits; the nature Conservation Act and Regulation outline which animals are under which level of threat and protection; permits (Collection authority – dead protected wildlife, or Commercial wildlife license) are required to possess/trade in the remains of protected species

South Australia Regulations Various South Australia, Australia National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

The National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 covers regulations concerning hunting, and possession of protected animals, among other necessary information.

Tasmania Regulations Various Tasmania, Australia Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995; Tasmania Nature Conservation Act 2002; information on taxidermy licenses;

The Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 identifies threatened species and associated permits; the Tasmania Nature Conservation Act 2002 lays out methods of conservation of wildlife; a license is required to practice commercial taxidermy

Victoria Regulations Various Victoria, Australia Wildlife Act 1975; Wildlife Regulations 2013; Commercial Wildlife Licences; taxidermy license application

The Wildlife Act 1975 and Wildlife Regulations 2013 extensively cover the protection and regulation of wildlife and their remains; the Commercial Wildlife Licences page includes information on the processor and taxidermy licenses, both of which govern the possession and sale of wildlife remains

Western Australia Regulations Various Western Australia, Australia Western Australia Conservation and Land Management Act 1984;  Wildlife Conservation Act 1950

The Western Australia Conservation and Land Management Act 1984 prevents taking of wildlife in marine reserves; the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 discusses protected wildlife and their remains

Brazil

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Brazilian Federal Regulations Various Brazil Environmental Crimes Law of Brazil

The Environmental Crimes Law lays out penalties for the unlawful taking of native wildlife and unlawful transport/sale of their remains

Canada

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Canadian Federal Regulations 2002 Canada Information on the MBCA; birds protected by the MBCA; list of other provincial laws protecting migratory birds (scroll down a bit); Text of Species At Risk Act; SARA informational website; list of SARA protected species

Similar to the U.S.’s Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, the MCBA law protects over 400 native species of migratory bird, their nests and eggs. The Species At Risk Act adds more protection to a variety of endangered wildlife species. Please also check the list of provincial/territorial laws linked above and in the sections below, as some species which are not protected under the MBCA or SARA are protected under these other laws. Do not assume a species not covered by the MBCA or SARA is not covered by a provincial/territorial law until you have researched that law.

Alberta Regulations Various Alberta, Canada The Wildlife Act of 1997; Alberta Hunting Regulations; information on permits for found dead wildlife (naturally deceased and roadkill) and taxidermy

The Alberta Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a license is required to practice taxidermy commercially; you must also obtain permits for roadkill and any other found bones/antlers/etc.

British Columbia Regulations Various British Columbia, Canada Wildlife Act; B.C. roadkill regulations; Certificate of Specimen form

The British Columbia Wildlife Act is the biggest compendium of B.C. regulations concerning wildlife and their remains, royalties due on pelts, and other important information. A Certificate of Specimen form is required for collecting roadkill.

Manitoba Regulations Various Manitoba, Canada Wildlife Act; information on permits as described below

The Manitoba Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a license is required to practice taxidermy, deal in furs, or tan hides commercially; you must also obtain permits for roadkill and to import animal remains.

New Brunswick Regulations Various New Brunswick, Canada Fish and Wildlife Act; information on taxidermy license

The Fish and Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a license is necessary to practice taxidermy commercially

Newfoundland and Labrador Regulations Various Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Wildlife Act; list of various wildlife regulations; Fur Buyers, Hide Dealers and Taxidermists Regulations; roadkill permit information; information on other permits including taxidermy

The Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a permit is required to to buy and sell furs, hides of moose and deer, or practice taxidermy; a permit is necessary for collecting roadkill.

Northwest Territories Regulations Various Northwest Territories, Canada Text of the New Wildlife Act; more information on the Act; very useful document on laws regarding possessing wildlife parts

The Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a permit is required to possess non-game animals for the purposes of taxidermy.

Nova Scotia Regulations Various Nova Scotia, Canada Wildlife Act

The Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a permit is required to possess non-game animals for the purposes of taxidermy.

Nunavit Regulations Various Nunavit, Canada Text of the Wildlife Act; an article on new regulations associated with the Act

The Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a permit is required to possess non-game animals for the purposes of taxidermy, to practice taxidermy, or to import/export wildlife.

Ontario Regulations Various Ontario, Canada Text of the Fish & Wildlife Conservation Act; Conservation Act section on possessing and selling/buying wildlife parts; Ontario Endangered Species Act of 2007; Ontario roadkill laws; regulations on keeping and trading pelts;The Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act regulates the taking and trade of wildlife parts in Ontario. Several species are mentioned in particular; please read the text of the Act thoroughly.
Prince Edward Island Regulations Various Prince Edward Island, Canada Wildlife Conservation Act

The Fish and Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species; a license is necessary to practice taxidermy commercially

Quebec Regulations Various Quebec, Canada An Act Respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife

An Act Respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains.

Saskatchewan Regulations Various Saskatchewan, Canada The Wildlife Act of 1998

The Saskatchewan Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species.

Yukon Regulations Various Ontario, Canada Wildlife Act; wildlife regulations; information on buying, selling and exporting animal products and remains

The Yukon Wildlife Act covers a large portion of regulations concerning wildlife and their remains; please read thoroughly for details and affected species. You need export permits to send any wildlife parts out of the territory; you can keep roadkill and other found remains if you acquire a permit. CITES permits are required to export any remains of CITES-covered species.

China

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Chinese Federal Regulations Various China Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife; Regulations for the Implementation on the Protection of Terrestrial Wildlife

While there are no easily available lists of federally protected species in English, these laws cover both protected native species as well as those protected by CITES and other international treaties

European Union Member Countries

Please note individual countries may also have their own separate laws.

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
EC Regulation 709/2010 2007 European Union Member Countries Text of the Regulation

This enforces the protection of CITES-covered species, to include regulating trade of their remains.

European Union Ban on Cat and Dog Fur 2009 European Union Member Countries Text of the Regulation

It is illegal to buy, sell or trade the fur of domestic dogs and cats in the European Union; exceptions may be made in cases of educational purposes or taxidermy.

Regulation (EC) No 1007/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 September 2009 on trade in seal products 2007 European Union Member Countries Text of the Regulation

It is illegal to buy, sell or trade the remains of seals or items made from them.

India

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972; 2002 Amendment India Text of the Act; text of the 2002 Amendment

The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act outlines the protection of wildlife and regulates trade in their remains, to include trophies and other parts

Malawi

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Malawi National Parks and Wildlife Act 1992 Malawi Text of the Act

The Malawi National Parks and Wildlife Act sets out regulations for hunting wildlife as well as the trade and import/export of their remains

Mexico

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
General Law of Wildlife, article 60 2 (Mexican Parrot Ban) 2008 Mexico Text of the Law

The Mexican Parrot Ban makes it illegal to take, trade in or export/import all native parrot species of Mexico, including their remains (does not cover captive-bred birds in other countries)

Nigeria

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Endangered Species Act 1985 Nigeria Text of the Act

This law prohibits the killing and trade in endangered species native or migratory to Nigeria, to include trophies and other remains; the text of the Act includes a list of all protected species near the end.

South Africa

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Biodiversity Act 2004 South Africa Text of the Act; associated regulations to carry out the terms of the Act; list of species protected by the Act

This law regulates the killing and trade in wildlife native to South Africa, to include trophies and other remains.

Taiwan

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Taiwan Wildlife Conservation Act 1989 Taiwan Text of the Act

This law regulates the killing and trade in Taiwan’s wildlife, to include trophies and other remains.

United Kingdom

Name of Law Year Passed Country/State/Province/Etc. Affected Notes and Links
Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981 1981 United Kingdom  

Text of the Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981; licensing information for certain species

This law governs the protection and possession of wildlife, among other natural resources. Wild animals (including birds) and wild animal remains, wild bird nests and eggs may only be possessed, bought or sold if legally acquired; the law further outlines legal methods of acquisition. It is strongly recommended that you read the entire text of the act for details. Licenses are avaialble for a select number of species.

Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 2000 United Kingdom Text of the Act

Part III of this Act governs wildlife protection and adds additional resources for enforcement of wildlife laws

Importation of Taxidermy various United Kingdom Information on importing taxidermy into the U.K.

Includes a duty calculator and other necessary information.

Fur Farming Prohibition Act 2000 2000 United Kingdom Text of the Act

This act bans the farming of animals solely for their fur.

Game Act 1831 1831, various amendments after United Kingdom Text of the Act

This act bans the out-of-season hunting of certain game birds, and prohibits the sale of the remains of legally hunted species after a certain time period

The Conservation (Natural Habitats) Regulation 1994 19944, various amendments after United Kingdom Text of the Act; 2007 Amendments; Scotland-specific 2007 Amendments; European protected species; Scotland’s protected species; information on licenses, to include for protected species

This act bans the possession of certain protected species and their remains, though with little provision for enforcement; further amendments give it more teeth, making it a requirement to have a license to possess any of these species taken after 1994